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Why Did Markets Get Hammered Yesterday?

First, most markets are closed today in honor of President Bush, or "Daddy Bush," as we call him in Texas. 

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE:ICE) and Nasdaq (NASDAQ:NDAQ), will be closed, while SIFMA recommended that bond markets should close, meaning the 10-year Treasury note could see limited action. CME Group (NASDAQ:CME) will also shut down trading of futures and options products at 8:30 am ET, though energy and metals futures will have a regular session.

The theories being presented for yesterdays "crash" are among these. My sources are Barron's and CNBC. Also some analysis available from Schwab. Personally, from a technical stand point, the market was showing weakness anyway, even with Monday's short-lived rally, and these issues just became reasons to trigger big money movements. 

  • The supposed trade truce between China and the U.S. began to look more like a vague agreement to do nothing concrete. A Sunday night rally in S&P 500 futures that topped 2 percent got wiped out by midday Tuesday.
  • The first inversion of any portion of the Treasury yield curve in more than a decade awoke the specter of a recession, while the relentless flattening of the slope elsewhere sent financial shares careening to the worst day since February. On Monday, JPMorgan Asset Management said cash will likely outperform equities.

  • Technical levels buckled, then broke. The 50-day average in the S&P 500 was first to go, then the 200-day got obliterated. “There was some forced selling as we got to important technical levels,” Tom Essaye, a former Merrill Lynch trader, said. “It wasn’t a specific event that caused it, it’s just been building all morning.”

  • Angst that the housing market is ill resurfaced. Toll Brothers, one of the high-end builders, posted results that pointed to softening fundamentals.
  • Momentum names from Square to Advanced Micro plunged the most. Apple didn’t help. Another iPhone supplier cut forecasts after the close Monday, the latest in a string of cautious pre-announcements that suggest the tech giant faces slowing sales.
  • Geopolitics lingered in the background, with NATO and the U.S. Secretary of State issuing concerns about Russia’s compliance with the treaty on nuclear forces.
  • The never-ending Brexit negotiations joined the list of worries after the U.K prime minister’s government was found in contempt of Parliament after refusing to release the attorney general’s legal advice on the divorce, raising prospects for a potential “hard” exit.
  • Forced selling added to the woes. According to Charlie McElligott, cross-asset strategist at Nomura Securities, trend-following quant funds are in the process of shedding over $50 billion in notional exposure to U.S. equities on Tuesday.
  • JPMorgan Chief Executive Jamie Dimon said at an investor conference that he saw the fourth-quarter trading environment as flat, adding to woes in the financials.
In reference to the yield curve inversion, I would always try not to read too much into any one number, however, and overstate its predictive ability. There have also been several occasions when a yield curve inversion was not followed by a recession, and the two-year and 10-year yields haven't actually flipped.

Click for larger version


So while today's moves don't necessarily mean a recession is coming, the market's reaction shows just how scared investors are that one might be.

I'll be on the road for a few days, but will try to keep everyone updated as time permits. 

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